This post is literally a reading note of How to improve your IELTS Band Score by John R Benford.
I see many non-native English speakers, including myself, use "I will" quite a lot, while native speakers don't. Therefore I took this note as a reminder of different ways of expressing the future.
|China will win the Olympics
|Decisions made at the moment of speaking
|There is someone at the door, I'll go.
|Look at those black clouds, it's going to rain.
|For arrangements or timetables
"If" + tense is always confusing to me, as what I learned in schools says I should use past tense for "if" + hypothetical situations, but in reality I do see people use present tense. Fortunately the book has a passage specifically for this.
|For stating something that's known to be true
|If students don't study at all, they fail their exams.
|If you eat too much, you will get fat.
|For hypothetical or imaginary situations
|If I was rich, I would travel around the world.
|For expressing regrets about the past
|If I had known, I would have gone.
Keep in mind that the clauses above can be inverted, e.g "You will get fat if you eat too much."
Thanks for sharing, it helps a lot.