This post is literally a reading note of How to improve your IELTS Band Score by John R Benford.
I see many non-native English speakers, including myself, use "I will" quite a lot, while native speakers don't. Therefore I took this note as a reminder of different ways of expressing the future.
|1||For predictions||China will win the Olympics|
|2||Decisions made at the moment of speaking||There is someone at the door, I'll go.|
|4||Visible evidence||Look at those black clouds, it's going to rain.|
|5||For arrangements or timetables||
"If" + tense is always confusing to me, as what I learned in schools says I should use past tense for "if" + hypothetical situations, but in reality I do see people use present tense. Fortunately the book has a passage specifically for this.
|1||For stating something that's known to be true||If students don't study at all, they fail their exams.|
|2||For predictions||If you eat too much, you will get fat.|
|3||For hypothetical or imaginary situations||If I was rich, I would travel around the world.|
|4||For expressing regrets about the past||If I had known, I would have gone.|
Keep in mind that the clauses above can be inverted, e.g "You will get fat if you eat too much."
Thanks for sharing, it helps a lot.